This class will introduce students to the substantive and legal issues raised by international cybercrime, as well as the related topics of digital forensic investigations, cyberterrorism and cyberwarfare. The course will cover three categories of cybercrime. The first category, 'computer-related crimes', includes traditional crimes committed by new means. The second category, 'computer integrity crimes', consists of entirely new crimes, usually involving attacks on computer systems, including unauthorized intrusions into computer systems (hacking), the creation and dissemination of malware (viruses, worms) and the launching of Distributed Denial of Service attacks (using networks of compromised computers to overwhelm a website or a network). The third category, 'content-related crimes', is where the computer is used as a means of distributing criminal content, such as child sexual abuse images.
The course will analyze the laws that pertain to each of these categories of cybercrimes; it will also examine the constraints that human rights protection place on the investigation and prosecution of cybercrime. We will study the Council of Europe's Convention on Cybercrime, a treaty already signed by approximately 50 countries. The Convention is intended to bring countries together so that they will harmonize their laws defining cybercrimes and create mechanisms facilitating cooperation among law enforcement agencies in various jurisdictions. The goal is to develop systems that can effectively address international cybercrime.